October 21, 2020



Vaccinations are a great assistance in helping you to travel safely and give some protection. However it is important that you still take care with food, drink and personal hygiene. In addition, some countries have adopted HIV/AIDS-related entry restrictions. Travellers with HIV should consult their GP for a detailed assessment and advice before travelling.

One visit to our clinic will provide you with specific, up-to-date information on the vaccinations required for your particular destination.


An oral vaccine is available in the UK for travellers to endemic or epidemic areas, where the risk of cholera is greatest. In most cases, a cholera vaccination certificate is no longer required.


Diphtheria is one of the childhood immunisations in the UK. There have been recent outbreaks in some parts of the world if youre travelling to one of these areas, a booster may be recommended.

Hepatitis A

The hepatitis A virus is present in faeces and can be spread from person to person, but its usually caught by consuming contaminated food or water. Those travelling to places where sanitation is poor need to be especially aware of the risk of infection.

Although a vaccination can help to reduce the risk, personal hygiene is paramount in foreign countries so don’t forget to wash your hands and use a hand sanitiser wherever possible.


Malaria is transmitted by infected mosquitos and is common in many parts of Africa, Asia, Central and South America. If youre visiting or travelling through a country where theres a risk of malaria, then it is essential that you take malaria protection including mosquito nets, mosiguard and any relevant prophalaxis.

It is vital that you follow the instructions on the malaria tablets taking them in plenty of time before you start and for the weeks following your return.
Things to remember:

  • None of these give absolute protection against malaria so you must look out for symptoms and report anything to your doctor immediately.
  • Malaria has a flu like pattern. Any high temperature or fever must be reported to your GP.
  • If you do develop a fever or feel ill whilst abroad or up to two months following your return contact your GP or NHS 24 immediately and let them know that you have been in a country where malaria was a risk.

Hepatitis B

This serious infection of the liver is common in many parts of the world. Its caught via contact with contaminated blood including sharing needles, blood transfusions or inadequately sterilised equipment and intimate sexual contact.

Japanese encephalitis

This occurs throughout south-east Asia, mainly in rural areas and during the monsoon season. A vaccine is available for those who are travelling to rural areas in the monsoon season and staying more than two weeks.


Meningococcal meningitis is more common in some areas of Africa and Asia than in the UK. A vaccine is available to protect against some strains. Saudi Arabia requires all pilgrims during the Hajj to be vaccinated.


Vaccination against poliomyelitis is usually recommended for all destinations. In the UK, the vaccine is given as an injection. Booster doses are recommended every ten years.


Rabies occurs throughout the world, with most deaths taking place in developing countries, such as those in south-east Asia.

Tick-borne encephalitis

This disease is caught from the bite of an infected tick. It occurs in warm, forested parts of central and eastern Europe and Scandinavia, especially where theres heavy undergrowth, and is more common in late spring and summer.


If you havent been vaccinated against TB and staying for more than a month in eastern Europe, Asia, Africa, Central or South America.


Typhoid is caught from contaminated food, drink or water. A vaccination is recommended for all destinations apart from northern Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand.

Yellow fever

Yellow fever is caught from the bite of an infected mosquito. An international certificate for yellow fever is required for travel to several countries in central and west Africa, and the northern part of South America. The certificate comes into effect ten days after vaccination and lasts for ten years. Certificates after subsequent doses are valid immediately